On March 27, 2020 the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (“CARES ACT”) became federal law. With regard to eviction cases, the legislation provides for a 120-day moratorium on eviction filings for non-payment of rent. Thereafter, those tenants are entitled to a 30-day notice before any nonpayment of rent eviction could be filed.
The key to this legislation is the definition of “covered properties.” The statutory list includes most federally-assisted rental housing programs, including public housing, the Housing Choice Voucher Program, and the Section 8 project-based program.
Importantly, the prohibition on nonpayment of rent eviction filings also includes any property with a “federally-backed mortgage loan.” This term is defined to include any loan “made in whole or in part, or insured, guaranteed, supplemented, or assisted in any way, by any officer or agency of the Federal Government or under or in connection with a housing or urban development program administered by [HUD] or a housing or related program administered by any other such officer or agency, or is purchased or securitized by the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation or the Federal National Mortgage Association.” This broad definition means that landlords with loans serviced by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac cannot file nonpayment of rent eviction cases until after the moratorium ends.
Homeowners can look up whether their loans are backed by the mortgage companies through Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac’s websites. Fannie Mae’s online form can be found here and Freddie Mac can be found here.
The CARES ACT does offer landlords with federally backed mortgages some protections regarding mortgage payments. Upon a request, a borrower may receive a forbearance on mortgage payments for up to 180 days, plus an additional 180 days if the borrower requests an extension. Landlords of multifamily properties may seek a forbearance for up to 30 days and may extend the forbearance for up to 2 additional 30 day periods.
A copy of the legislation can be found here.
Battino & Sokolow PLLC is working to stay on top of all relevant laws as they relate to COVID-19 and real estate litigation in the District of Columbia.